Everything You Need to Know About How to Cook a Blue Steak!

Rare blue steak, an extraordinary culinary phenomenon that has captivated food enthusiasts for centuries, continues to enthrall with its unique qualities and bold flavors. Cooking enthusiasts consider steak preparation an art form, and while some individuals prefer well-done or medium-rare steaks, the true allure of rare blue steak lies in its exceptional preparation method and the remarkable sensory experience it offers. In this article, we will explore the fascinating world of rare steak, unveiling its origins, discussing recommended cooking techniques, and examining the reasons behind its growing popularity.

Origins and History

french flag

Centuries-old cooking traditions trace the origins of rare blue steak. Various culinary cultures throughout history have embraced the concept of consuming undercooked meat. During medieval times, for instance, the nobility often favored rare or even raw meat. The term “bleu” in French cuisine describes a steak that is seared on the outside while mostly raw on the inside. This French culinary tradition significantly influenced the development of blue steak as we know it today.

Best Cuts to Cook the Perfect Blue Rare Steak

When aiming to cook a blue steak, it’s essential to opt for cuts that are naturally lean and have minimal fat content. Lean cuts, such as filet mignon, sirloin, and lean portions of tenderloin, are ideal choices. These cuts ensure that only a small amount of fat is melted during the brief cooking process, allowing the steak to maintain its rare and tender interior while achieving a seared exterior. The lack of excessive marbling in these cuts helps preserve the distinct blue steak experience.

How to Cook a Blue Steak

sous vide steak


Cooking a perfect blue steak involves minimal cooking to achieve an ultra-rare interior while searing the outside. Here’s how to do it:



  • High-quality steak (such as ribeye, sirloin, or filet mignon)
  • Kosher salt
  • Freshly ground black pepper
  • Cooking oil (like canola or vegetable oil)


  1. Choose the right steak: Start with a high-quality steak, preferably at least 1 to 1.5 inches thick. The cut of meat is crucial for achieving the best results.

  2. Bring the steak to room temperature: Take the steak out of the refrigerator and let it sit at room temperature for about 30 minutes. This helps ensure even cooking.

  3. Preheat your grill or pan: You’ll need high heat for this method. Preheat your grill or a heavy skillet (preferably cast iron) over high heat until it’s very hot.

  4. Season the steak: Generously season both sides of the steak with kosher salt and freshly ground black pepper. You can add your favorite steak rub or seasoning blend if desired.

  5. Oil the steak: Lightly brush both sides of the steak with a thin layer of cooking oil. This helps prevent sticking and promotes a nice sear.

  6. Sear the steak briefly: Place the steak on the hot grill or in the hot skillet. Sear it for about 30 seconds to 1 minute on each side. The goal is to quickly sear the outside of the steak while leaving the inside completely rare.

  7. Rest and serve: Remove the steak from the heat and let it rest for a few minutes. This allows the juices to redistribute within the meat. After resting, slice the blue steak against the grain and serve immediately.


  • Blue steak is the rarest of all steak doneness levels, and it’s essentially raw in the center. Ensure you use a high-quality cut and follow proper food safety guidelines.
  • Adjust cooking times slightly based on the thickness of your steak and your preference for doneness. Cooking times may vary depending on the heat source and equipment.
  • Always follow safe food handling practices and use a meat thermometer if you have concerns about food safety.

Enjoy your perfectly cooked blue steak, but be aware that it’s not suitable for everyone’s taste as it is essentially raw inside.

Flavor and Texture

What truly distinguishes rare blue steak from other cooking styles is its exceptional combination of flavors and textures. The seared exterior imparts a delightful charred taste and a slightly crispy texture, while the interior remains succulent and tender. Unlike well-done or even medium-rare steaks, rare steak retains more of its natural juices and flavors, resulting in a heightened, unadulterated meaty experience. The contrast between the seared crust and the cool, rare center creates a delectable sensory adventure sought after by steak aficionados.

Culinary Controversies

Like any unconventional culinary practice, rare blue steak has faced its fair share of controversy. The primary concern revolves around food safety and the consumption of undercooked meat. While it can be safely enjoyed when prepared correctly using high-quality meat, there are inherent risks associated with consuming undercooked meat. Bacterial contamination, particularly from pathogens such as E. coli or Salmonella, can be a concern. It is crucial to source meat from trusted suppliers, handle it hygienically, and ensure that appropriate cooking temperatures are reached to minimize the risk of foodborne illnesses.

Pairings and Accompaniments

steak and red wine

Thoughtful pairings and accompaniments play a significant role in enhancing the enjoyment of your steak. A classic choice is a rich red wine, such as a bold Cabernet Sauvigon or a velvety Malbec, which complements the steak’s robust flavors. Additionally, a compound butter or a tangy sauce, like a red wine reduction or a béarnaise sauce, adds an extra layer of richness and flavor. As for side dishes, consider vibrant roasted vegetables, creamy mashed potatoes, or a fresh salad to create a well-rounded and satisfying meal.


Rare Blue Steak Around the World

While rare blue steak may not be prevalent in every corner of the globe, it has found its place in various culinary traditions worldwide. In addition to the renowned French “bleu” steak, other countries have developed their own interpretations. For example, Argentina embraces “parrilla” or “asado,” grilling the steak over an open flame and serving it rare or medium-rare. In Japan, the “tataki” method involves briefly searing the steak and then thinly slicing it. Exploring these international variations provides a glimpse into the diverse and exciting world of rare steak.

Is Blue Steak Safe to Eat?

Blue steak is safe to eat, but it’s important to understand the risks. FDA recommends cooking steak to a minimum internal temperature of 145 degrees F, however, blue steak can be an exception. Searing the entire surface at high heat, such as on a charcoal grill, will achieve a quick sear that kills pathogens. As long as all edges are seared, you’ll be safe. If you have specific health concerns or a weakened immune system, it’s wise to exercise caution and avoid this steak. Make an informed decision based on your prsonal preferences and risk tolerance.

FAQs: Unraveling the Mysteries of Rare Blue Steak

What is the difference between rare, blue, and other levels of doneness?

Doneness levels refer to the degree to which a steak is cooked. Rare indicates that the steak is cooked on the outside but still mostly raw or cool on the inside. Blue steak takes the concept further, with the center being even rarer and cooler. Medium-rare, medium, and well-done steaks progressively cook the meat to higher internal temperatures, resulting in firmer textures and reduced juiciness.

What are the recommended cooking techniques for achieving rare blue steak?

Two popular techniques for cooking rare steak are sous vide and flash-searing. Sous vide involves vacuum-sealing the steak and cooking it at a low and consistent temperature in a water bath. Flash-searing quickly sears the steak on high heat to create a flavorful crust while leaving the center rare or blue.

Can any type of steak be cooked as a rare blue steak?

When aiming to cook a blue steak, it’s essential to opt for cuts that are naturally lean and have minimal fat content. Lean cuts, such as filet mignon, sirloin, and lean portions of tenderloin, are ideal choices.

What are some suitable side dishes and sauces to pair with rare blue steak?

Complementary side dishes and sauces can elevate the enjoyment of rare steak. Consider serving it with roasted vegetables, creamy mashed potatoes, or a fresh salad. For sauces, options like a red wine reduction, a garlic herb butter, or a tangy chimichurri can add additional flavors and enhance the overall dining experience.

Are there cultural variations of rare blue steak around the world?

Yes, different culinary traditions have their own interpretations of the “bleu” steak, Argentine “parrilla” or “asado,” and Japanese “tataki” are all examples of unique cultural approaches to cooking steak to rare or blue doneness. Exploring these international variations can provide a glimpse into the diverse and exciting world of rare blue steak.


Rare blue steak represents a bold departure from the conventional, offering a gastronomic adventure for those seeking new tastes and experiences. By understanding its origins, mastering the cooking techniques, and exploring its unique flavors, one can truly appreciate the allure of this culinary gem. While precautions must be taken to ensure food safety, the rewards of indulging in a perfectly cooked rare blue steak are unparalleled. So, whether you’re an adventurous foodie or a curious culinary enthusiast, embark on a journey to savor the wonders of rare steak and elevate your dining experiences to new heights.

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Jason Burbington

What started an an insatiable appetite for culinary exploration has evolved into a yearning to share all I have learnt. I look forward to providing valuable information, including detailed guides, tips, recipes, product reviews, and inspiring stories to empower individuals to elevate their outdoor cooking game.

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