How To Smoke a Turkey – The Complete Overview

How To Smoke a Turkey – The Complete Overview

Smoking a turkey is an art that transforms an ordinary bird into a succulent, smoky masterpiece. As an outdoor cooking enthusiast and turkey smoking aficionado, I am excited to share my expertise and advice on how to smoke a turkey to perfection. Get ready to elevate your holiday feasts and gatherings with a turkey that is bursting with flavor and juiciness.

Why Smoke a Turkey?

Smoking a turkey adds a unique depth of flavor that cannot be achieved through other cooking methods. The slow and low heat of the smoker allows the turkey to absorb the smoky essence, resulting in tender meat with a rich and aromatic taste. The process infuses the turkey with a smoky aroma and creates a beautiful golden-brown exterior that is sure to impress your guests.

Choosing the Right Turkey

Selecting the right turkey is crucial for a successful smoking experience. Opt for a fresh, high-quality turkey that is preferably not pre-brined or injected with flavorings. The size of the turkey will depend on the number of guests you plan to serve. Keep in mind that larger turkeys may require more cooking time, so plan accordingly.  As a general guideline, allocate about 1 to 1.5 pounds of turkey per person. Keep in mind that this includes the weight of the whole turkey, complete with bones, skin, wings, and other parts that may not be eaten during the Thanksgiving meal.

If you are serving more than 12 to 14 people, consider smoking 2 smaller turkeys.  A very large turkey will take a lot longer to smoke and can result in a very dry turkey.

Preparing the Turkey

Before you begin smoking the turkey, ensure it is properly thawed if using a frozen bird. Thawing in the refrigerator is the safest method and allows for even thawing. Remove the giblets and neck from the turkey cavity, and rinse the bird thoroughly under cold water. Pat the turkey dry with paper towels, inside and out, to promote a crispy skin.

Brining the Turkey

Turkey in brine



Brining is a crucial step in achieving a moist and flavorful smoked turkey. One convenient option is to use a turkey brine kit, which includes all the necessary ingredients and instructions. Alternatively, you can prepare a brine solution using a combination of water, salt, sugar, and various aromatics.  (Recipe to follow). Submerge the turkey in the brine, ensuring it is fully covered, and refrigerate for the recommended time based on the turkey’s weight. Brining, whether with a turkey brine kit or homemade solution, imparts moisture and enhances the turkey’s natural flavors, so don’t skip the brine if you want the best turkey possible.

Best Brine Recipe For Turkey


  • Pared rind and juice of 1 large orange.
  • 3 fresh rosemary sprigs
  • 250g fine sea salt
  • 100g soft light brown sugar
  • 1 medium onion quartered
  • 1 head garlic, halved widthways
  • 1 lemon quartered
  • small bunch fresh time
  • small bunch fresh sage
  • 1 Tbsp garlic powder
  • 2 tsp finely ground black pepper
  • 3 star anise
  • 2 cinnamon sticks
  • 6 litres of water


Put all the ingredients in a large pan along with the 6 litres of water.  Stor pver ,edoi, jeat fpr 5 – 10 minutes, until the sugar and salt have dissolved.

Take off the heat and allow to cool to room temperature.

Put your turkey into a large container and pour the brine over, making sure the turkey is fully submerged.   Transfer to the refrigerator and allow to brine for 24 hours before cooking.

To ensure optimal results with a wet brine, thoroughly rinse off the brine from the turkey and pat it dry. If you’re not planning to cook the turkey immediately, place it back in the refrigerator, uncovered. This allows the skin to dry out, which is essential for achieving a crispy texture when cooked.

Seasoning and Rub

After brining, remove the turkey from the brine and rinse it under cold water. Pat it dry once again with paper towels. Now it’s time to season the turkey with our flavorful Yardbird rub. 

Yardbird Rub

This simple, herby rub will give your turkey a tasty bark as well as complementing their delicate flavor.

In a bowl, mix all the ingredients well. Optionally, put through a blender for an extra fine powder. Transfer the rub to a jar, or a shaker if using immediately.

Wood Selection 

Before exploring the details, let’s discuss the enchanting role of wood in smoking. Each type of wood imparts its own distinct flavor, quite literally adding to the taste experience. For smoking turkey, it’s best to use hardwoods. They offer a slow, hot burn, infusing the turkey with a delightful smoky flavor that enhances rather than overwhelms it.

See our Quick Link for an in depth guide to the Best Woods For Smoking Turkey

Preparing the Smoker

Preparing the smoker is essential to ensure a consistent and controlled cooking environment. Whether you’re using a charcoal smoker, electric smoker, pellet smoker or smoker grill combo,  follow the manufacturer’s instructions for preheating and setting up the smoker. Place a drip pan underneath the turkey to catch any drippings and prevent flare-ups.

Setting Up the Smoker

Now that your smoker is ready, it’s time to introduce the turkey to the aromatic smoke. Place the turkey on the smoker’s grates, breast side up. Close the lid and adjust the vents to maintain a steady temperature. The ideal smoking temperature for turkey is around 225-250 degrees Fahrenheit. The low and slow cooking process will ensure tender and juicy meat.

Maintaining the Temperature

Maintaining a consistent temperature throughout the smoking process is crucial. Use a reliable thermometer to monitor the internal temperature of the smoker. Adjust the air vents and replenish wood chips or chunks as needed to maintain a steady flow of smoke. Remember, patience is key when smoking a turkey.

How Long to Smoke a Turkey

The cooking time for a smoked turkey will depend on its size and the smoker’s temperature. As a general guideline, estimate about 30-40 minutes per pound of turkey. However, it’s essential to rely on the internal temperature rather than the cooking time. The turkey is done when the temperature of the turkey at the thickest part of the thigh registers 165 degrees Fahrenheit on a meat thermometer.

How Long to Smoke a Turkey at 275

Basting and Glazing

To enhance the flavor and appearance of the turkey, consider basting and glazing during the smoking process. Basting with a mixture of melted butter, broth, or fruit juice adds moisture and flavor. Glazing with a sweet and tangy sauce during the last hour of smoking creates a beautiful caramelized finish. Baste and glaze the turkey sparingly to avoid excessive drippings that may cause flare-ups.

Resting and Carving your Smoked Turkey

Once the turkey reaches the desired internal temperature, remove it from the smoker and tent it loosely with foil. Allow the turkey to rest for at least 20-30 minutes before carving. Resting allows the juices to redistribute, resulting in a moist and tender turkey. Carve the turkey into thin slices, and serve it with your favorite sides and sauces.

Safety Tips

While smoking a turkey is an enjoyable experience, it’s essential to prioritize safety. Here are a few safety tips to keep in mind:

  • Always thaw the turkey properly to prevent bacterial growth.
  • Use a food thermometer to ensure the turkey reaches the recommended internal temperature.
  • Avoid cross-contamination by keeping raw turkey separate from other ingredients and utensils.
  • Practice good hygiene by washing your hands and surfaces thoroughly after handling raw turkey.


Smoking a turkey is an adventure that rewards you with a flavorful and moist centerpiece for your festive season or special occasion meals. By following these steps and techniques, you’ll be able to create a turkey that impresses both in taste and presentation. Remember to experiment with different wood chips and flavor combinations to find your signature smoked turkey recipe. Happy smoking!


Can I use a frozen turkey for smoking?

Yes, you can use a frozen turkey for smoking, but it’s crucial to thaw it properly before smoking. Thawing in the refrigerator is recommended for food safety.Should I remove the skin before smoking the turkey?

Should I remove the skin before smoking the turkey?

No, it‘s best to leave the skin intact as it helps retain moisture during the smoking process. The skin also adds flavor and protects the meat.

Can I stuff the turkey before smoking it?

It is not recommended to stuff the turkey before smoking it. Stuffing can impede the airflow and cooking process, and it’s safer to prepare the stuffing separately.

How long should I brine the turkey?

The brining time will depend on the weight of the turkey. As a general guideline, brine the turkey for about 1 hour per pound.

Can I smoke a turkey on a gas grill?

Yes, you can smoke a turkey on a gas grill by using indirect heat and adding wood chips or chunks for smoke. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions for setting up the grill for smoking.

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Jason Burbington

What started an an insatiable appetite for culinary exploration has evolved into a yearning to share all I have learnt. I look forward to providing valuable information, including detailed guides, tips, recipes, product reviews, and inspiring stories to empower individuals to elevate their outdoor cooking game.

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